India’s Outbound Capital Increases By 92% In 12 Months: Knight Frank Report


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    Singapore overtakes Hong Kong as Asia-Pacific’s top source for outbound capital

    Mumbai 17 June, 2019 – Knight Frank, the independent global property consultancy, today launches the 2019 edition of its flagship report, Active Capital. According to the report, India’s outbound capital into commercial real estate increased by 92% to US$0.7bn in 12 months to Q1 2019. United Kingdom, Netherlands, Germany, United States of America and Australia were the top destination countries of Indian capital investments. Inbound cross border investment volumes into Indian commercial real estate accounted to US$2.6bn in 12 months to Q1 2019.

    Knight Frank’s Active Capital 2019 report delves into the sources and destinations of cross-border investments in commercial real estate and highlights five themes shaping the next phase of global real estate investment: late cycle investing, capital gravity, the reinvention of capital, ‘nownership’ and the value of data.

     Asia-Pacific outbound capital

    Between Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, total outbound capital from Asia Pacific dropped 34% (from US$88bn to US$57bn), coming in third behind North America (US$110bn) and Europe (US$104bn), due in part to the significant fall in outbound capital from China and became net importer of capital.

    In the same period, Singapore overtook Hong Kong, recording a 23% increase in outbound capital. According to the report, Singapore has already invested more than US$4 billion into China, South Korea, the UK and Australia in Q1 2019, reflecting several landmark cross-border deals.

    Top 5 global destinations of India’s outbound cross border investments into commercial real estate (Figures in US$)

    Source Country Global Destination Investment Volumes                 

    (12-months to Q1 2019)





    United Kingdom 328,785,177
    Netherlands 132,434,671
    Germany 116,137,513
    United States of America 71,076,989
    Australia 67,630,260

    Source: Knight Frank/RCA

     Top capital exporting countries globally (Figures in US$)

    # Source country 12-months to Q1 2018 12-months to Q1 2019
    1 United States of America 61,021,268,985 59,628,414,693
    2 Canada 23,348,695,211 50,407,714,161
    3 Germany 19,892,706,157 24,494,043,903
    4 Singapore 17,706,485,351 21,856,679,460
    5 United Kingdom 14,101,204,634 18,534,994,383
    6 France 12,609,470,691 18,187,000,601
    7 Hong Kong 18,237,800,416 11,452,839,115
    8 Switzerland 6,774,522,298 11,214,040,082
    9 South Korea 8,784,839,873 8,926,651,311
    10 China 34,589,536,143 5,782,042,060
    30 India 373,082,757




    Source: Knight Frank/RCA

    Neil Brookes, Asia-Pacific Head of Capital Markets, Knight Frank, said, “In the past 12 months, outbound capital from Asia-Pacific, and Singapore in particular, has sought out alternative asset classes in Western markets while reducing their exposure to retail assets in the region, previously thought of as a core asset class.”

    Shishir Baijal, Chairman & Managing Director, Knight Frank India, said, “With geopolitical factors coming into play, prolonged global economic cycle and interest rate in late cycle investment is prompting cross-border capital flows. The Indian investors are increasingly looking at international commercial real estate assets to diversify risk and increase their returns.”

    Asia-Pacific inbound capital

    With investment volumes of US$704,143,457, Singapore was the biggest capital source country for the Indian commercial real estate between Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, followed by Australia (investment volume – US$ 98,647,399) and Japan (investment volume – US$25,356,029).

    India ranks 20th in the aspect of top capital importing countries, globally.

    Top 5 global source countries of cross border investments into India’s commercial real estate (Figures in US$)

    Source Country Destination Country Investment Volumes

    (12-months to Q1 2019)







    Australia 98,647,399




    China 21,138,726


    Hong Kong 11,108,963

    Source: Knight Frank/RCA

    Between Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, China was a net importer of capital and Asia Pacific’s largest recipient of cross-border capital, edging ahead of Australia. South Korea was the only other Asian entrant in the top 10 destinations globally for cross-border investment. 

    Top capital importing countries globally (Figures in US$)

    # Destination Country 12-months to Q1 2018 12-months to Q1 2019
    1 United States of America 54,157,903,628 80,882,031,454
    2 United Kingdom 41,549,085,817 34,851,878,141
    3 Germany 33,591,633,316 24,369,581,105
    4 France 11,404,812,756 18,229,163,913
    5 Spain 14,969,095,823 16,317,263,062
    6 China 9,134,327,834 14,294,951,229
    7 Australia 11,172,278,439 13,126,630,875
    8 Netherlands 13,941,398,883 12,696,783,194
    9 Poland 6,270,069,668 5,831,363,083
    10 South Korea 2,323,960,448 5,729,007,207
    20 India 3,923,417,354




    Source: Knight Frank/RCA

    Into extra time

    The report discusses the implications for real estate investors in the late cycle environment, arguing that many markets will not see returns hit recent highs.

    “With ongoing trade tensions and heightened economic uncertainties, many Asia-Pacific central banks have opted for a more dovish stance on their monetary policies as economies start decelerating. In the past six months alone, five Asia-Pacific central banks have cut their benchmark interest rates following weaker than expected Q1 2019 GDP growth,” said Nicholas Holt, Asia-Pacific Head of Research, Knight Frank.

    While this will support real estate pricing, given the stage in the cycle, investors searching for higher returns are increasingly pivoting towards alternative assets and fringe markets,” Holt added.



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